It’s British Tomato fortnight, acknowledging everything that is great and healthy about tomatoes.
Known as the ‘Apple of Love’, tomatoes are technically a fruit rather than a vegetable, with the affectionate name originating from the Italians. However, it was actually the Mexicans that first made the discovery of this wonderful fruit.
So, what is so fabulous about tomatoes? Clinical Nutritionist Suzie Sawyer tells all.
Whilst tomatoes are rich in antioxidants, they are a great source of many of our essential nutrients. Tomatoes provide a very good source of immune-boosting vitamin C, one of our busiest vitamins. They also contain he B-vitamin biotin, often called the beauty vitamin because of its beneficial effects on hair and skin, plus heart loving vitamin E and potassium. Indeed, they have a wide and varied nutritional profile.
You can find red, orange or yellow tomatoes and whilst all colours have nutritional merits, it’s red tomatoes that deliver on all fronts.
There has been much research carried out on the carotenoids that are abundant in tomatoes, namely lycopene, beta-carotene and lutein. And it’s specifically lycopene that has been found to have wonderful benefits for heart health. It appears that lycopene can help reduce levels of harmful fats in the blood, a major cause of cardiovascular issues. Tomatoes can help reduce levels of cholesterol, an accumulation of which is a major cause of atherosclerosis, as well as managing platelet activity in the bloodstream, helping fend off blood clots.
Lycopene has also been much studied in relation to male prostate health, again with very positive outcomes, and huge quantities of tomatoes don’t need to be consumed to gain some real benefits. Plus, the antioxidant power provided by beta-carotene is great at protecting the skin from sun damage.
How to eat them
The carotenoids are fat-soluble nutrients which means they are best absorbed with other fats. The Italians certainly understood how to get the best out of tomatoes by eating them with olive oil. Interestingly, lycopene is very well absorbed when tomatoes are made into a sauce or paste that contains some olive oil.
One of the healthiest recipes is to make soup from ripe tomatoes. The soup can be made with carrot, celery, and onions (fried in some olive oil), vegetable stock and tomato puree. It has all the right ingredients for producing one of the best ways of gaining all that’s great about tomatoes nutritionally.
If you want the real taste of Italy, then spaghetti with tomato sauce including some chillies, shallots and basil, with some torn mozzarella to serve, is really going to make the mouth water.
So, celebrate this wonderfully nutritious jewel in the fruit basket and get creative with tomato recipes!
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